Recently, on September 12th 2022, the armed forces of Azerbaijan renewed their war with Armenia, leaving a trail of blood and death in their path. This causes a humanitarian disaster in the small caucasian country of Armenia.
This conflict is not new and has its roots in the fall of the soviet union where both countries fought over the land of Nagorno-Karabakh, a region legally inside of Azerbaijan but ethnically Armenian. The first conflict ended with a ceasefire in 1994. In 2020, the two sides started fighting again, this time ending with neither side victorious. However, Armenian territory in Nagorno-Karabakh was lost to Azerbaijan.
This leads to today. The conflict reignited after Azerbaijani troops began firing and advancing through the mountains towards Armenian towns. After these first few clashes, it was discovered that Azerbaijani troops had massacred civilians and executed Armenian prisoners of war. This led Armenia to call on the UN to denounce Azerbaijan’s blatant war crimes while simultaneously calling on Russia and the Collective Security Treaty Organization to come to Armenia’s aid. Yet, very limited action has been taken. Russia has refused to honor its alliance with their justification being that it can not spare resources due to the war in Ukraine; The UN has been quietly looking into Armenia’s claims as more and more evidence comes out, including videos spread by Azerbaijani soldiers proudly boasting about beheading and murdering Armenian civilians. Though many countries have stayed silent, the US has been vocal about how it will not let Armenia be trampled on easily and has sent several delegates to Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, to discuss both humanitarian and military aid.
Although this is a heavy military conflict, it is important not to forget those civilians on both sides who are living through a challenge nobody should have to live through. Every day and every night, innocent civilians are having their homes taken by soldiers to use as makeshift camps, their cities bombed, their kids killed, and some even being forced out of their homes with nowhere to go in an unescapeable war.
Though this conflict has just started, it is proving to be one of the worst humanitarian crises in the region’s history.